11 people killed and 25 hospitalized due to deadly Nipah virus

11 people killed and 25 hospitalized due to deadly Nipah virus

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had written to the Queensland government in Australia asking it to provide the antibody developed there to test if it can "neutralise" the virus in humans.

With test results showing that a particular variety of bats, found in and around Kozhikode and mostly at the worst-affected Perambara town near here, is not carrying the virus, a special team from Pune is arriving to see how best they can take samples from other varieties of bats also found in this district.

After reviewing the cases of all the patients who have lost their lives, the central high-level team of NCDC on Thursday in an official statement said that the Nipah virus disease is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence.

Explaining the process, the spread of Nipah virus to humans may occur after close contact with other Nipah infected people, infected bats, or infected pigs.

The notification urged people not to panic, as there are mechanisms in place to prevent, detect and to respond to such public health event.

Nipah virus is on CEPI's list of three targets, which also includes Lassa fever and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.

The virus has not spread beyond Kerala, the government said after investigation by health officials linked the initial deaths to a well colonised by bats whose water the victims had been using.

The outbreak of the virus in Kerala has led to doctors trying to develop a vaccine or a mode of treatment.

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"There is no need to panic about nipah virus here". Patients will experience mild to severe acute respiratory infection.

Along with Zika virus and Ebola virus, Nipah virus is also included on the priority list of emerging diseases in the world which can even cause the global pandemic, according to WorldHealth Organisation.

The WHO reports that the symptoms usually take between five to 14 days to manifest.

Nipah virus cases were previously reported from West Bengal's Siliguri in 2001 and Nadia district in 2007.

Dr K Ramesh Reddy, Director of Medical Education, Telangana said one of the patients had visited Kerala but did not go the areas where Nipah virus was found.

Nipah first spread through contact with the saliva, urine, or feces of fruit bats. "The disease is treated with supportive and symptomatic care which is the mainstay of the treatment", maintains the advisory. "People have been advised to keep distance from bats and pigs".

The virus was first reported in Malaysia among the pig farmers in 1998 and the pigs were the intermediate host.

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